Tag: heart disease

1. Prognosis of heart disease patients is associated not only with their exercise capacity, but also the type of exercise protocol used Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Exercise testing is a common prognostic measurement used to assess heart disease patients. Exercise capacity, which represents oxygen uptake during exertion, is measured in units...
1. The findings of this study suggested that cancer is becoming the leading cause of death in the United States among higher-income counties. 2. The authors observed that lower-income counties were more likely to have heart disease as the leading cause of death. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: The epidemiologic...
1. In a retrospective review of over 1500 Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivors, the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) was significantly associated with radiation doses to the heart in a linear, dose-dependent manner. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Improvements in the management of HL have led to an increased...
Image: PD 1. In their recent recommendation statement, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) states that there is insufficient evidence to assess the benefits and harms of multivitamins in preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD) or cancer. 2. The USPSTF recommends against the use of Vitamin E and beta-carotene supplements in the...
Image: PD  1. In the investigating the effectiveness of a diagnostic algorithm for pediatric chest pain, only minimal deviations from guidelines were noted between  Boston Children’s Hospital and participating New England area providers.  2. Chest pain in children was rarely attributable to heart disease as only 0.2% of patients were diagnosed...
Image: PD 1. Urinary albumin excretion serves as a proxy for kidney damage and has been linked to higher rates of coronary heart disease.  2. Black adults had a higher risk of incident coronary heart disease events with increased urinary albumin excretion when compared to white adults.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study...
Image: PD  1. No mortality benefit was observed among white Norwegian adults randomly selected for echocardiographic screening for structural heart disease.  2. No difference was observed in sudden death, death from cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction or stroke.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: Echocardiography is a non-invasive, low-risk procedure with high sensitivity...
 Image: PD 1. An increased risk of coronary heart disease was found women with a history of renal stones. 2. The same association was not demonstrated in men with similarly adjusted variables. Evidence Rating Level:  2 (Good) Study Rundown: Nephrolithiasis is a common disease with increasing prevalence. Its relation to other systemic diseases,...
Image: PD 1. There was a no difference in cardiovascular outcomes between obese type II diabetic patients engaged in lifestyle intervention (intense diet and exercise) versus a control group (education and support services). 2. Patients in the intervention group and control group had 1.83 and 1.92 cardiovascular events per 100 person-years, respectively...
Image: PD 1. Low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with coronary heart disease events in Caucasians and Chinese participants.  2. Low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were not associated with coronary heart disease events in Black or Hispanic participants.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Previous studies have...