Tag: preterm birth

1. Persistent human papillomavirus-16/18 infection during pregnancy and placental human papillomavirus infection significantly increased the risk of preterm birth compared to infections by other HPV genotypes and separately from a history of cervical dysplasia treatment. 2. The results would support an essential role for community human papillomavirus vaccination programs to...
1. The relative risk of a twin pregnancy amongst women who had undergone in vitro fertilization (IVF) compared with those who had not was 20.8 amongst a cohort of more than 16 million patients in China. 2. The most common adverse outcomes following IVF pregnancy were cesarean delivery, low birth...
1. Pregnant individuals in Zimbabwe exposed to intimate partner violence during pregnancy were at increased risk of preterm birth   Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Preterm birth is becoming growingly prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, contributing substantially to their infant mortality rate. Complications, such as sepsis, infections and cerebral palsy, have been...
1. In a large nationwide Swedish cohort study, preterm and early-term births were associated with a significantly increased risk of developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in males and females. 2. The increased risk of ASD was independent of genetic and environmental factors. Evidence level: 2 (good) Study Rundown: ASD is prevalent in...
1. The study found that young adults born small for gestational age had reduced exercise capacity, with reduced maximal workload, oxygen consumption, and minor differences in cardiac morphology compared to individuals born within standard reference weights. 2. Additional long-term studies employing larger sample sizes and older participants are needed to...
1. The survival rate of extremely preterm newborns in Victoria (Australia) has increased since the early 1990s without an increase in major neurodevelopmental disability up to 2 years of age. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Survival of extremely preterm (EP) newborns has increased since the late 1970s due to...
1. There was no significant difference with regard to diagnosis and treatment of pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction, and gestational diabetes between the telehealth integrated care and conventional models. 2. A significant reduction in the incidence of pre-term births among women in high-risk pregnancies was seen (-0.68% change per week). Evidence Rating...
1. Caregivers reported good health related quality of life of New Zealand children despite their shorter gestational periods 2. Neurodevelopmental impairment and socio-economic deprivation were found to be associated with lower health related quality of life (HRQoL).  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Children born with shorter gestational periods have been found to...
1. Intelligence Quotient (IQ) was significantly lower among adults born very preterm or with very low birth weight compared to adults born at term. 2. Lower gestational age, lower birth weight, the presence of neonatal morbidities, and lower maternal educational levels were all significantly associated with lower IQ among adults...
1. Rates of severe and moderate neurodevelopmental disabilities increased as gestational age group decreased. 2. Approximately half of children born between 24-26 weeks’ gestation needed at least one developmental intervention, versus a quarter of children born at 32-34 weeks.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Approximately 10% of babies in North...