Tag: preterm birth

1. The survival rate of extremely preterm newborns in Victoria (Australia) has increased since the early 1990s without an increase in major neurodevelopmental disability up to 2 years of age. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Survival of extremely preterm (EP) newborns has increased since the late 1970s due to...
1. There was no significant difference with regard to diagnosis and treatment of pre-eclampsia, fetal growth restriction, and gestational diabetes between the telehealth integrated care and conventional models. 2. A significant reduction in the incidence of pre-term births among women in high-risk pregnancies was seen (-0.68% change per week). Evidence Rating...
1. Caregivers reported good health related quality of life of New Zealand children despite their shorter gestational periods 2. Neurodevelopmental impairment and socio-economic deprivation were found to be associated with lower health related quality of life (HRQoL).  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Children born with shorter gestational periods have been found to...
1. Intelligence Quotient (IQ) was significantly lower among adults born very preterm or with very low birth weight compared to adults born at term. 2. Lower gestational age, lower birth weight, the presence of neonatal morbidities, and lower maternal educational levels were all significantly associated with lower IQ among adults...
1. Rates of severe and moderate neurodevelopmental disabilities increased as gestational age group decreased. 2. Approximately half of children born between 24-26 weeks’ gestation needed at least one developmental intervention, versus a quarter of children born at 32-34 weeks.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Approximately 10% of babies in North...
1. The majority of thermal care interventions used in the delivery room were associated with better core body temperature and decreased risk of moderate to severe hypothermia at admission or within the first 2 hours of life compared with routine care alone. 2. Use of a plastic bag or wrap...
1. Counseling and behavioral interventions to limit excess gestational weight gain was associated with decreased risk of gestational diabetes, emergency cesarean delivery, macrosomia, and large for gestational age babies. 2. Behavioral interventions aimed at promoting healthy weight gain during pregnancy were also associated with modest reductions in mean gestational weight...
1. COVID-19 infection during pregnancy was associated with consistent and substantial increases in severe maternal morbidity and mortality and neonatal complications compared to non-infected pregnancies, especially in symptomatic individuals presenting or those with co-morbidities. 2. Women with COVID-19 were at increased risk of severe pregnancy complications including pre-eclampsia/eclampsia, intensive care...
1. Systematic review of RCTs demonstrates reduced rate of early preterm birth (<34 weeks) for high-risk (previous spontaneous preterm birth, short cervix) singleton pregnancies with vaginal progesterone and intramuscular 17-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC). 2. Efficacy of vaginal progesterone and 17-OHPC may be more effective for women with short cervices.  Evidence Rating Level:...
1. Rate of treatment failure within 7 days of extubation was higher in patients that received post-extubation high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC), as compared to those that received nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). 2. Histologic chorioamnionitis, treated patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), and younger...