Tag: preterm birth

1. Providing very-low-income pregnant women with monthly restriction-free financial support and information on prenatal nutrition, breastfeeding, and healthy infant development had a positive impact on birth outcomes and infant care, including increased initiation of breastfeeding. 2. Fewer preterm births and low birth weight babies were born to the women that...
1. Among women taking 17 hydroxyprogesterone caproate (progesterone) injections, only those with BMI ≤30 kg/m2 were less likely to experience preterm birth. 2. Progesterone injections were associated with a decreased risk of preterm birth among women weighing ≤165 lbs. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)            Study Rundown: PTB complicates over 11% of deliveries...
1. Women who were born at <34 weeks gestation had decreased fecundability. 2. The cumulative probability of conception within 12 menstrual cycles among women born at <34 weeks was 48%. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Preterm birth, defined as delivery prior to 37 weeks, is a major source of morbidity...
1. Maternal serum vitamin D levels ≤ 20 weeks gestation were inversely associated with incidence of preterm birth. 2. A similar inverse relationship was seen in spontaneous, medically indicated and very preterm (<34 week gestation) births. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average)  Study Rundown: Preterm birth is a leading cause of neonatal mortality...
1. Resuscitation at birth, antibiotic treatment during the first hospitalization, small for gestational age (SGA), 1-minute Apgar score <7, and intracranial hemorrhage were predictive of cerebral palsy (CP) in moderately preterm and late preterm infants in Finland. 2. The incidence of CP was highest in all preterm groups and decreased...
Classics Series, Landmark Trials in Medicine
1. In women with a history of prior preterm birth less and midtrimester cervical length <25mm, cerclage reduced perinatal morbidity and preterm delivery at less than 24 weeks. 2. In women with midtrimester cervical length <15mm, cerclage reduced preterm birth less than 35 weeks. Original date of publication: October 2009 Study Rundown:...
1. Preterm birth rates were twice as high in woman with prior cervical conization among ongoing IVF singleton and twin pregnancies compared to women without this history. 2. Among all IVF pregnancies after cervical conization, twins were associated with a 9.94 times higher risk of preterm birth. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. Women randomized to the treatment with progesterone (17-OHP-C) had a similar incidence of preterm birth compared with women in the control group. 2. The treatment and control groups demonstrated no differences in incidence of maternal or neonatal complications. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: In the U.S., over...
Classics Series, Landmark Trials in Medicine
1. In women with a history of preterm birth, weekly progesterone injections reduced the risk of delivery prior to 37, 35, and 32 weeks gestation. 2. Number needed to treat to prevent one preterm birth <37 weeks was six women. Original date of publication: June 2003 Study Rundown: Spontaneous preterm birth is...