Tag: ptsd

In areas of Pakistan affected by recent conflict, epidemiological studies have shown a high prevalence of psychological distress in women. In the setting of conflict with poor access to care, as well as role restrictions, there is a large population of women that are particularly vulnerable to anxiety and...
Association of Racial Disparities With Access to Kidney Transplant After the Implementation of the New Kidney Allocation System There are many reasons why a patient may be made inactive on the kidney transplant waiting list, including psychosocial or financial issues or medical comorbidities. This has important implications for a patient’s...
1. In this randomized clinical trial, nurse-led psychological interventions did not reduce PTSD risk at 6 months compared to care as usual for patients in the ICU. 2. There was no difference in anxiety or depression rates in patients who received psychological interventions. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Up to...
1. The percentage of soldiers that met the symptom criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) using the new DSM-5 was equivalent to the percentage that met the criteria according to the previous DSM-IV-TR.  2. A discordance between the two sets of criteria existed as 30% of the soldiers who met...
1. Women likely experiencing posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive episodes during pregnancy may be at a 4-fold increased risk of preterm birth.  2. The association of posttraumatic stress disorder and major depressive episodes with preterm birth is independent of many potential confounders, including other mood and anxiety symptoms and...
Image: PD 1. Youth who attended the 2013 Boston Marathon at the time of the bombings, in addition to those exposed to the subsequent manhunt, were almost 6 times more likely than non-attenders to exhibit psychosocial impairment in the first 6 months following attacks. 2. The majority of parents and caregivers...
Image: PD 1. Children with a history of cancer are not shown to have an increased risk for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms (PTSS). Evidence rating level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Previous studies examining the psychological impact of cancer diagnosis and treatment in childhood have suggested that Post-Traumatic...
Image: PD  1. Compared to supportive counseling, prolonged exposure therapy for sexual abuse-related PTSD was more effective at reducing symptoms in adolescent girls.  2. Improvement in symptoms remained significant up to 12 months after treatment completion.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)        Study Rundown: This randomized clinical trial found that prolonged...
Image: PD 1. Patients receiving naltrexone had reduced drinking behavior.  2. Prolonged exposure therapy for PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) was not associated with worsening alcohol abuse.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: All patients in this study with both PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder) and alcoholism receiving naltrexone treatment showed significantly reduced drinking...
Image: PD 1. Family members who were present during CPR suffered from significantly fewer symptoms of PTSD, anxiety, and depression than those who were not present. 2. There were no significant differences in resuscitation outcomes between groups in which family members were present or absent during the resuscitation. Published today, this study is the first randomized...