Tag: smoking cessation

1. The proportion of smokers who supported plain packaging increased significantly after implementation of a law requiring standardized plain packaging. 2. Support for a plain packaging law was associated with a belief in the harmful health effects of smoking, a stronger desire to quit, and lower nicotine dependence. Evidence Rating...
In this section, we highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. Letrozole versus Clomiphene for Infertility in the Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 5 to 10 percent of reproductive age women and is the major cause of anovulatory infertility. Clomiphene,...
1. Varenicline and nicotine patches were more effective than varenicline alone at achieving 4 week abstinence from nicotine products in smokers.  2. The combination therapy appeared to be well tolerated, but this study was not powered to comment on safety endpoints.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Smoking cessation is currently...
Image: PD In this section, we will highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. Tobacco Control and the Reduction in Smoking-Related Premature Deaths in the United States, 1964-2012 Fifty years after the initiation of tobacco control in the United States, the smoking rate has...
Image: PD/ Stanford. Vintage Smoking ad, 1949 1. Since 1964, tobacco control methods have resulted in 8.0 million premature smoking deaths being avoided, 4.4 million of which would have occurred before age 65. 2. Tobacco control methods have resulted in an increase of life expectancy for both men and women after...
Image: PD  1. Current smokers of more than 15 cigarettes per day had a 42% increased risk of cataract extraction compared to never smokers.  2. After quitting for more than 20 years, men who previously smoked 15 cigarettes or more a day had a 21% increased risk of cataract compared to...
Image: PD 1. Nicotine-containing electronic cigarettes offer no statistical improvement in 6-month abstinence rates in comparison to placebo non-nicotine-containing electronic cigarettes or transdermal nicotine replacement patches.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)        Study Rundown: Smoking tobacco is a strong risk factor for numerous illnesses, including cancer and cardiovascular disease. Electronic cigarettes...
Image: PD 1. Contraband tobacco users are significantly less likely attempt to quit or abstain from smoking.   2. Smoking contraband tobacco is highly associated with heavy smoking, length of smoking history, and perceived addiction.   Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: In an effort to reduce tobacco use, Canada has implemented high taxes...