Tag: UTI

The trial to reduce antimicrobial use in nursing home residents with Alzheimer disease and other dementias (TRAIN-AD) 1. In a large trial, a multi-component interventional program did not reduce antimicrobial use amongst people with advanced dementia living in nursing homes. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Antimicrobials are commonly prescribed to individuals within...
1. Delaying antibiotic treatment for UTI in older adults did not increase risk of bloodstream infection compared to immediate antibiotic treatment. 2. Delayed treatment may have contributed to increased risk of mortality in this group. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Urinary tract infection (UTIs) is one of the most common reasons for...
It has been previously demonstrated that asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) is associated with an increased incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) and urinary tract infection (UTI) after non-urologic procedures. However, it is unclear whether screening for and treating ASB improves postoperative outcomes. In his retrospective cohort study, 68,265 patients that...
1. A national program deployed in more than 10% of all US hospitals built around disseminating catheter-associated urinary tract infections (UTI) educational materials and collecting UTI data showed a significant reduction in the UTI rates. 2. Catheter associated UTIs were significantly reduced in non-ICU settings, while in ICUs there...
1. This prospective cohort study identified several risk factors for recurrent febrile and symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) in children, including vesicoureteral reflux (VUR), bowel and bladder dysfunction (BBD), and baseline renal scarring. Children with both VUR and BBD were at highest risk of recurrent febrile or symptomatic UTI. 2....
Classics Series, Landmark Trials in Medicine
Image: PD 1. Among children recruited following febrile urinary tract infection (UTI) and randomized to receive either antibiotics or no medication, no significant difference in UTI recurrence was noted between groups. 2. Male children and those with grade III vesicoureteral reflex had significant reductions in subsequent UTIs if treated with prophylactic...
Image: PD 1. Quality improvement (QI) methods were associated with increased adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) guidelines for imaging in children 2-24 months of age with first urinary tract infection (UTI).  2. Though improvements were noted in both inpatient and emergency department (ED) settings, quicker and larger changes were...