Tag: cardiology

Image: PD 1. Vasopressin-steroids-epinephrine combination patients were more likely to have return to spontaneous circulation and survive to hospital discharge with good neurologic function.  2. Vasopressin-steroid-epinephrine combination patients with postresuscitation shock, given hydrocortisone, were more likely to survive to hospital discharge with good neurologic function.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: Given...
Image: PD  1. Longer duration of overall obesity and abdominal obesity were associated with higher degree of coronary artery calcification.  2. Delaying the onset of obesity in young adults may lower their risk of developing coronary artery disease in middle age.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is...
Image: PD 1. There was a no difference in cardiovascular outcomes between obese type II diabetic patients engaged in lifestyle intervention (intense diet and exercise) versus a control group (education and support services). 2. Patients in the intervention group and control group had 1.83 and 1.92 cardiovascular events per 100 person-years, respectively...
Image: PD 1. Patients aged 20-39 years with heart failure were more likely to be African American and obese than heart failure patients in older cohorts.  2. All young patients were less likely to show signs of peripheral edema, rales, and less likely to report dyspnea.  3. The most common etiology of...
Image: PD 1. Significantly lower non-urgent cardiovascular procedure rates existed among patients enrolled in a Medicare Advantage plan.  2. Geographic variations in cardiovascular procedure rates were equivalent in Medicare Advantage and Medicine Fee-for-service plans.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: As healthcare costs in the United States grow rampant and stress the...
Image: PD 1. Low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were associated with coronary heart disease events in Caucasians and Chinese participants.  2. Low serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25(OH)D) levels were not associated with coronary heart disease events in Black or Hispanic participants.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: Previous studies have...
Image: PD 1. Intensive lifestyle intervention in overweight and obese patients with type II diabetes reduced weight, hemoglobin A1c levels, and improved many risk factors for cardiovascular disease.  2. Intensive lifestyle intervention in overweight and obese patient did not significantly affect a cardiovascular events.   Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: This is the...
Image: PD 1. The EVAR I trial compared the safety and efficacy of endovascular and open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair 2. There were no significant differences in all-cause mortality between the two groups. 3. The endovascular group experienced significantly higher rates of graft-related complications and reinterventions. Original Date of Publication: May 20, 2010 The...
Image: PD 1. Rates of mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia (MSIMI) were significantly lower in patients taking escitalopram (Lexapro) vs. placebo at the end of 6 weeks. 2. Rates of exercise-induced myocardial ischemia (ESIMI) were not significantly reduced in patients taking escitalopram vs. placebo at the end of 6 weeks. Evidence Rating Level:...
Image: PD 1. Dual-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) do not offer better outcomes with regard to mortality or readmission in the year following transplant.  2. Dual-chamber ICDs are associated with higher complication rates relative to single-chamber ICDs including increasing risk of complications requiring surgical revision.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study Rundown: More complex...