Tag: cardiology

1. There is no association between ACE inhibitor or ARB use compared with other antihypertensives for risk of COVID-19 hospitalization for outpatients. 2. There is no association between ACE inhibitor or ARB use compared with other antihypertensives for increased mortality risk in patients hospitalized with diagnosis of COVID-19. Evidence...
Diagnosis and treatment of iron deficiency in heart failure: OFICSel study by the French Heart Failure Working Group 1. Cardiologists were under-testing, against guidelines, for iron deficiency in heart failure patients, likely resulting in under-diagnosing and under-treatment. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) One in every two patients with heart failure (HF) also...
Lower risk of dementia in patients with atrial fibrillation taking non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants: A nationwide population-based cohort study 1. Among patients with incident atrial fibrillation, the use of non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants compared with warfarin was associated with a decreased risk of dementia. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) While...
1. The American Heart Association’s cardiovascular health index has clinical utility with an understudied sub-Saharan African population. 2. The targets for preventing atherosclerosis in this population are smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, and physical activity. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) The American Heart Association’s cardiovascular health index (CVHI) is known to be a...
1. Post-PCI patients with intermediate to high liver fibrosis scores were observed to experience higher incidences of major cardiovascular events. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) While the introduction of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) have significantly reduced the rate of major cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease, patients post-PCI continue...
1. Low to moderate alcohol intake was not significantly associated with risk of stroke or other cardiovascular outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) “Holiday heart syndrome” describes the association found between excessive alcohol intake and incidence of atrial arrhythmias. Even low amounts of regular alcohol intake...
1. Patients with peripheral artery disease who received a drug-coated device did not face an increased risk of death compared to those who received an uncoated device at any point during the 2+ year follow-up. 2. This finding appeared to be independent of disease severity, although the wide confidence interval...
Independent and Synergistic Effects of High Blood Pressure and Obesity on Retinal Vasculature in Young Children: The Hong Kong Children Eye Study 1. Hypertension and overweight to obese BMI in children were associated with changes in retinal microvasculature. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Hypertension and obesity, two of the most important risk...
1. The PRAISE score showed accurate discriminative capabilities for the prediction of all-cause death, acute myocardial infarction, and major bleeding after an acute coronary syndrome. 2. Compared with low risk stratification, a high-risk PRAISE score was associated with a 58.8-times increase in death, 27.7-times increase in myocardial infarction, and a...
1. Significant gaps were found in the use of evidence-based therapies in insured patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Prevalence of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is twice as high as those without T2DM, resulting...