Tag: cardiology

1. Prognosis of heart disease patients is associated not only with their exercise capacity, but also the type of exercise protocol used Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Exercise testing is a common prognostic measurement used to assess heart disease patients. Exercise capacity, which represents oxygen uptake during exertion, is measured in units...
1. The reduction in Brain Natriuretic Peptide, in conjunction with worsening renal failure, can predict prognosis of patients with acute heart failure Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) For patients with acute heart failure (AHF), congestion is one of the primary reasons for hospital admission. A common decongestive treatment employs intravenous loop diuretics:...
Physical exercise associated with reduced risk of chronic pain in university students 1. Higher frequency, intensity, and duration of physical exercise linked to lower risk of chronic pain in Norwegian University students Evidence Rating: 3 (Average) Chronic pain is estimated to impact around one-third of the population, and is a leading cause...
1. Heart failure patients whose EF deteriorated from ≥50% to between 40% and 50% were at an increased risk of mortality and cardiovascular events Evidence Level Rating: 2 (Good) Clinicians use left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) to guide treatment of heart failure (HF). Patients with HF are commonly divided into two...
Ischemic heart disease, the most common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, has many modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors, including several external factors. This retrospective observational study aimed to investigate circadian rhythms, major sports events, and national holidays as potential triggers of myocardial infarction. Investigators reviewed 283,014 cases of...
1. In this study, a targeted electronic health record (EHR) reminder of telemetry-use beyond that recommended by guidelines resulted in the reduction of telemetry use on general medicine wards. 2. The most common physician response to the alert was discontinuation of telemetry, with no associated change in rapid-response calls. Evidence Rating...
1. Researchers have identified a significant increase in hospitalizations due to infective endocarditis related to drug use. 2. Heart valve surgeries among patients with drug use-associated infective endocarditis have also increased with the opioid epidemic. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: The authors of this study utilized a statewide hospital discharge...
Image: PD 1. The use of pulse oximetry screening combined with clinical examination demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity for critical congenital heart disease. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Despite being implemented in the US, the utility of pulse oximetry screening for congenital heart defects has not been studied in low-income...
Image: PD  1. Remote ischemic preconditioning in CABG patients decreased myocardial injury in the first 72 hours after surgery. 2. All-cause mortality and rates of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular outcomes were significantly lower in patients that underwent remote ischemic preconditioning compared to those that did not.  Evidence Rating Level:  2 (Good) Study...
Image: PD  1. No mortality benefit was observed among white Norwegian adults randomly selected for echocardiographic screening for structural heart disease.  2. No difference was observed in sudden death, death from cardiovascular disease, myocardial infarction or stroke.  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)  Study Rundown: Echocardiography is a non-invasive, low-risk procedure with high sensitivity...