Tag: cardiology

1. An opportunistic screening protocol for atrial fibrillation was not found to improve diagnostic rates, compared to usual care. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a cardiac arrhythmia that increases in prevalence with age. AF can also lead to cardiovascular conditions such as stroke and heart failure. Although...
1. A 6% risk reduction for developing hypertension was associated with a 1-point improvement in Life’s Simple 7 score, a metric for cardiovascular health. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Hypertension is a condition that affects roughly half of the adult US population, and is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease...
Timing of Oral P2Y12 Inhibitor Administration in Non-ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome 1. There does not appear to be any difference in outcome between pre- and post-treatment administration of P2Y12 inhibitors among patients experiencing a non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome with planned invasive intervention. 2. Prasugrel and ticagrelor showed similar outcomes...
1. Left atrial emptying fraction was identified as an independent prognostic factor for sinus rhythm maintenance, following direct current cardioversion in atrial fibrillation patients Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Atrial fibrillation (AF) refers to an irregular, rapid heartbeat due to improper electrical signalling in the heart’s atria. To restore sinus rhythm...
1. Receiving medications from a greater number of drug classes is linked to lower incidence of rehospitalization and death, for patients in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). 2. Approximately half of HFrEF patients are not receiving medical therapies that follow clinical guidelines established by the American College of...
1. Among post-myocardial infarction patients with left ventricular dysfunction, an infusion of cardiosphere-derived cells did not significantly reduce scar size at six months. 2. Favorable changes among the infusion cohort, however, were noted in markers of left ventricular remodeling and heart failure. Evidence Level Rating: 1 (Excellent) Cardiovascular disease is responsible for...
Robotic Approach to Paraesophageal Hernia Repair Results in Low Long-Term Recurrence Rate and Beneficial Patient-Centered Outcomes 1. The use of robotic techniques to repair paraesophageal hernias resulted in low rates of recurrence and had positive patient outcomes at five years. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Since the advent of laparoscopic surgery in...
1. The standardized Ready to Reduce Risk (3R) program resulted in improvements to lifestyle among those taking medication for prevention of cardiovascular disease. 2. 3R did not improve medication adherence compared to the control group. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Nearly one-third of deaths across the globe are attributable to cardiovascular disease...
Click to read the study in CMAJ Image: PD ©2020 2 Minute Medicine, Inc. All rights reserved. No works may be reproduced without expressed written consent from 2 Minute Medicine, Inc. Inquire about licensing here. No article should be construed as medical advice and is not intended as such by the...
Click to read the study in CMAJ 1. In patients positive for COVID-19 suffering cardiac injury, cardiac troponin (cTnI) levels were associated with poor survival, with peak cTnI levels shown to predict the need for invasive ventilation. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Reports show that patients with COVID-19-associated pneumonia and cardiac injury...