Tag: public health

1. Youth have continued to engage in romantic relationships and sexual activity throughout the COVID-19 pandemic  2. Access to sexual health educations, services, and resources are required to meet the  needs of young adults and adolescents  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  The COVID-19 pandemic has led to school closures and stay-at-home orders...
1. Historically redlined districts and racial discriminatory policies were associated with worse obstetrical outcomes including preterm birth  2. Structural inequities and racial disparities had detrimental health effects, increased obstetric related morbidity, and mortality  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Racial and ethnic disparities are prevalent in the United States with pregnancy related morbidity...
1. A pediatric kidney disease and diabetes screening program in rural and remote Indigenous Canadian communities was associated with increased laboratory testing, medication prescribing, and visits to primary care or nephrology, at the follow-up points of 18 and 33 months after the program. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) In Canada, significant disparities...
Effects of air pollution and habitual exercise on the risk of death: a longitudinal cohort study 1. Higher levels of exercise were associated with lower risk of death regardless of the level of exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5). Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Air pollution and physical inactivity are considered leading...
The trial to reduce antimicrobial use in nursing home residents with Alzheimer disease and other dementias (TRAIN-AD) 1. In a large trial, a multi-component interventional program did not reduce antimicrobial use amongst people with advanced dementia living in nursing homes. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Antimicrobials are commonly prescribed to individuals within...
1. This cross-sectional study found that events leading to informal social gatherings, such as birthdays among households, were associated with increased rates of diagnosed COVID-19 infection. 2. COVID-19 diagnoses per 10,000 individuals were higher among child birthdays than adult birthdays, further highlighting informal social gatherings as a potential important source...
1. In this epidemiological cohort study based out of Valencia, Spain, the neighborhood where the hospital and COVID-19 testing facility was situated correlated with a high number of total infectious connections and was potentially a major contributor to local spread. 2. These findings suggest that a more selective and strategic...
1. Black patients demonstrated lower in-hospital mortality than White patients with equivalent Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores. 2. This overestimatation of Black patient mortality might lead to deprioritization of this population during public health crises based on the current Crisis Standards of Care guidelines. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown:...
1. Online training for pediatricians on human papillomavirus (HPV) communication strategies is associated with an increase in rates of HPV vaccination, reducing missed opportunities for HPV vaccination  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most prevalent infectious causes of cancer, linked to more than 33 700 new...
1. Screening for hypertension using office-based blood pressure measurement (OBPM) resulted in major accuracy limitations, including misdiagnosis when compared with the current reference standard of ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM). 2. Although hypertension screening is standard practice due to robust evidence linking asymptomatic treatment to improved cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes,...