Tag: public health

1. Screening for hypertension using office-based blood pressure measurement (OBPM) resulted in major accuracy limitations, including misdiagnosis when compared with the current reference standard of ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM). 2. Although hypertension screening is standard practice due to robust evidence linking asymptomatic treatment to improved cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes,...
1. No transmission events of SARS-CoV-2 during the 2019-2020 NBA season were observed despite 36 asymptomatic individuals with persistent positive RT-PCR tests engaging in close-proximity unmasked activities. 2. Persistent positive individuals continued to have detectable SARS-CoV-2 RNA for a mean of 31 days from initial infection despite having no symptoms. Evidence...
1. This retrospective study estimates the overall cost to society of the 2019 Clark County, WA measles outbreak to be nearly $3.4 million, as a consequence of the public health response, direct medical costs, and productivity losses. 2. These results highlight the economic impact and societal reach of under-vaccination. Evidence Rating...
1. Increasing medical and recreational dispensary counts were associated with reduced opioid-related mortality rates per county in the United States. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) With opioid-related mortality rising sharply since 1999 and accounting for over two thirds of all US drug overdose deaths in 2018, research into how changes in...
1. Postexposure hydroxychloroquine therapy did not prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) infection in exposed healthy individuals. 2. Hydroxychloroquine treatment after exposure to a positive case patient was shown not to reduce severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection incidence in exposed individuals. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: As coronavirus...
1. The disparity between premature mortality rates for highest and lowest socioeconomic status groups has increased from 1991 to 2016 in Canada. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study rundown: Around the world, the disparity in health outcomes based on socioeconomic status (SES) is growing over time. Although this increasing divide is...
1. A workplace intervention that determined employees’ body age was found to decrease body age score, reduce smoking habits, lower risk factors for chronic disease, and lower rates for metabolic syndrome. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) As life expectancy in western countries continues to rise, the legislated retirement age is also...
1. No overall significant difference was found in infant malaria incidence between mothers taking intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine versus dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine. 2. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) was associated with lower incidence of malaria infant males compared to traditional sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) use in the first year of life. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) To...
1. A decrease in emergency department visits occurred across five major U.S. healthcare systems in the first four months of COVID-19. 2. An increase in hospital admissions occurred during the early months of COVID-19 across sites. 3. Hospital admission rates were temporally associated with state-level COVID-19 case rates. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. The standardized Ready to Reduce Risk (3R) program resulted in improvements to lifestyle among those taking medication for prevention of cardiovascular disease. 2. 3R did not improve medication adherence compared to the control group. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Nearly one-third of deaths across the globe are attributable to cardiovascular disease...