Tag: public health

1. No overall significant difference was found in infant malaria incidence between mothers taking intermittent preventive treatment (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine versus dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine. 2. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DP) was associated with lower incidence of malaria infant males compared to traditional sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) use in the first year of life. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) To...
1. A decrease in emergency department visits occurred across five major U.S. healthcare systems in the first four months of COVID-19. 2. An increase in hospital admissions occurred during the early months of COVID-19 across sites. 3. Hospital admission rates were temporally associated with state-level COVID-19 case rates. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. The standardized Ready to Reduce Risk (3R) program resulted in improvements to lifestyle among those taking medication for prevention of cardiovascular disease. 2. 3R did not improve medication adherence compared to the control group. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Nearly one-third of deaths across the globe are attributable to cardiovascular disease...
1. A vision screening program for kindergarteners in Ontario, Canada diagnosed for the first time 7.2% of all screened children with a visual problem. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) In Canada, around 20% of children between 3 and 6 years old have amblyopia or other clinically significant visual problems (such as...
1. Adolescents who perceived COVID-19 as more severe were more likely to engage in news monitoring, social distancing, disinfecting, and hoarding behaviors compared to those viewing it as less severe. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) A vast body of literature is being produced on the psychological impacts of coronavirus disease 2019...
Click to read the study in JAMA Pediatrics Image: PD ©2020 2 Minute Medicine, Inc. All rights reserved. No works may be reproduced without expressed written consent from 2 Minute Medicine, Inc. Inquire about licensing here. No article should be construed as medical advice and is not intended as such by...
1. Covid-19 case fatality estimated to be 1.6% in Canada and 1.8% in the USA Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Covid-19 has disproportionately affected different areas of the world, not just in the number of cases, but also in the case-fatality rate (CFR): the percentage of deaths in comparison to the number...
1. School closures, physical-distancing, shielding older adults ≥70 years, and quarantining symptomatic COVID-19 patients were all likely to reduce the basic reproduction number (R0). 2. R0 reductions were insufficient across individual intervention methods to avoid overwhelming healthcare systems. 3. Periods of lockdown was the only intervention to reduce R0 to ≤1,...
1. Germany and Japan, countries with notably low rates of gun violence, rely on stringent possession laws and background checks. 2. Brazil and Honduras have high rates of gun violence and loosely enforced firearm acquisition legislation. India has high rates of gun violence despite stringent gun control legislation, which is...
1. In this case-control study in the US, opioid overdoses were associated with history of opioid prescription to a family member, with a dose-response association. 2. The association was largely driven by opioid overdoses in children. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Opioid overdoses are a rising concern in North America...