Tag: thyroid cancer

1. Fire Department World Trade Center-exposed workers demonstrate more asymptomatic thyroid cancers, attributable to occult lesion diagnoses, compared to non-WTC-exposed subjects of the Rochester Epidemiology Project and the general US population. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Incidence rates of thyroid cancer have increased by approximately 300% over the past 40 years,...
Viral Load Dynamics and Disease Severity In Patients Infected With SARS-CoV-2 In Zhejiang Province, China, January-March 2020: Retrospective Cohort Study 1. Stool samples demonstrated significantly longer duration of positive viral load than both respiratory and serum samples. 2. Length of positive RNA detection was associated with disease duration with a peak...
1. This ecological study found that from 1974 to 2013, there were average annual increases in incidence rates and mortality rates in patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Thyroid cancer incidence rates have more than doubled between 1975 and 2013, with papillary cancer—the most common...
1. The majority of benign thyroid nodules did not significantly increase in size during a 5-year follow-up period. 2. While a minority of patients experienced new nodule growth, the diagnosis of thyroid cancer was rare. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: The increase in detection of asymptomatic thyroid nodules has paralleled...
In this section, we highlight the key high-impact studies, updates, and analyses published in medicine during the past week. HIV-Positive-to-HIV-Positive Kidney Transplantation – Results at 3 to 5 Years Past studies have shown that the outcomes of renal transplantation in HIV-positive patients are comparable to those of other high-risk candidates. In...
1. In a cohort of patients who were younger than 10 years of age at the time of radiation exposure at Hiroshima or Nagasaki, there was a significantly increased risk of malignant and benign thyroid nodules more than 10 mm in diameter. 2. There was a significant association between...

Patient Basics: Thyroid Cancer

Originally published by Harvard Health. What Is It? Thyroid cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is shaped like a butterfly. It is located under the Adam’s apple in the front of the neck. Most cases of thyroid cancer can be cured. One of the...
1. Among patients with a nondiagnostic fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thyroid nodules, the use of an ultrasound-based evaluation tool appropriately stratified patients according to malignancy risk.  2. Results suggest that thyroid nodules with two or more suspicious ultrasound features should undergo repeat FNAB, while those with fewer than...
Image: PD  1. Three ultrasound characteristics of thyroid nodules were indicative of increased risk of cancer including: microcalcifications, size greater than 2 cm and entirely solid composition.  2. Limiting biopsy to patients with only microcalcifications or greater than two high-risk ultrasound features would eliminate up to 90% of all biopsies with...
Image: PD 1. Ultrasound (US) follow-up for longer than three years did not yield increased cancer detection after a benign fine-needle aspiration (FNA) of a thyroid nodule.  2. Patients with a benign biopsy who were followed for longer than three years had significantly more ultrasounds and FNAs.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)  Study...