Tag: type 2 diabetes

1. Continuous glucose monitoring in type 2 diabetes patients was associated with improved glycemic control. 2. No significant difference in quality-of-life was observed in patients using continuous glucose monitoring. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) has been well studied in type 1 diabetes patients; however, little data...
1. In this study, a significant increase in the prevalence of diabetes was noted across every gender, age group, racial/ethnic group, education level, and income level. 2. This study found that when adjusted for age, diabetes was more common among non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic Asian, and Hispanic individuals than it was...
1. Greater access to healthy food and physical activity resources were associated with lower risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). 2. Social environmental factors such as safety and social cohesion were not associated with T2DM incidence. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Behaviour modification is an important means of...
1. From a cohort study, overweight patients with type 2 diabetes had a decreased mortality rate when compared to normal weight or obese patients. 2. Overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes were associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)        Study Rundown:...
1. Blood pressure lowering in patients with diabetes mellitus type II was associated with a decreased risk of macro- and micro-vascular disease, as well as all-cause mortality. 2. Achieving a systolic BP <130 mmHg was associated with reduced risk of stroke, retinopathy, and albuminuria, with the reduction in risk greatest...
1. The age-adjusted incidence and prevalence of diabetes increased each year between 1990-2008, but has plateaued from 2008-2012. 2. However, certain groups remain disproportionately affected by diabetes, such as non-Hispanic blacks, Hispanic adults, and adults who have high school education or less. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: The association between obesity...
1. An average American born between 2000 and 2011 was estimated to have a 40% probability of developing diabetes during their lifetime.  2. The greatest lifetime risks were seen in Hispanic men and women and non-Hispanic black women, in which lifetime diabetes risks increased to over 50%. Evidence Rating Level: 3...
1. A missense variant of hepatocyte nuclear factor 1-alpha (HNF1A) gene was associated with an increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes in Latino populations. 2 .Compared to non-carriers, carriers of this missense variant did not demonstrate an earlier age of onset of type 2 diabetes.         ...
1.  The addition of insulin to metformin was associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality and an increased grouped risk of all-cause mortality and myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke relative to the addition of sulfonylureas.  2.  The addition of insulin versus sulfonylureas to metformin did not differ in terms...
1. Weight loss surgery was associated with a higher rate of sustained diabetes remission than standard care with lifestyle modification and pharmacotherapy.  2. Weight loss surgery was also associated with lower rates of microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes.  Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Obesity is an important risk factor...