Oncology

Reports of high-impact oncology studies by medical professionals

Internal medicine interns spending minority of time on direct inpatient care

1. In this direct observational study, first year internal medicine residents (interns) spent only 13% of their time on direct patient care, while spending...

Shared decision making, options, and trust improve experience for adolescents with cancer

1. More than half of adolescents with cancer desired to make decisions together with their oncologist after considering the opinion of their parent or...

Doxepin or diphenhydramine-lidocaine-antacid mouthwash modestly reduces radiation-related mucositis pain

1. In this randomized controlled trial, the use of doxepin or diphenhydramine-lidocaine-antacid mouthwash reduced mucositis pain four hours after treatment but below the threshold...

Quick Take: Pembrolizumab Versus Chemotherapy for Previously Untreated, PD-L1-Expressing, Locally Advanced or Metastatic Non-Small-Cell...

Pembrolizumab is a monoclonal antibody against programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1). Previous studies have shown that pembrolizumab is effective in prolonging survival in...

Electronic health record clinical and genomic data provides relevant insights for non-small cell lung...

1. In patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), an analysis of clinical and genomic data from routine care replicated previously established relationships between...

Quick Take: Prophylactic Irradiation of Tracts in Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma: An Open-Label,...

Malignant pleural mesothelioma is a devastating cancer, with survival rates ranging from as low as 17% to 46%. Diagnosis and/or treatment usually involves an...

Quick Take: Combined Surgery and Extensive Intraoperative Peritoneal Lavage vs Surgery Alone for Treatment...

Gastric cancer is typically treated with surgical resection followed by chemotherapy. Peritoneal metastasis, caused by direct cancer cell dissemination, is the most common pattern...

Parents of children diagnosed with cancer more likely to start psychotropic medications

1. Parents of children newly diagnosed with cancer had significantly increased risk for a first prescription of antidepressants, anxiolytics, and hypnotics in the initial...

Combined anastrozole and fulvestrant therapy found to have improved survival outcomes in metastatic breast...

1. A randomized control trial of patients with hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer compared survival outcomes between patients who received combined anastrozole and fulvestrant...

Quick Take: Diffusion-weighted Imaging of Invasive Breast Cancer: Relationship to Distant Metastasis–free Survival

For breast cancer patients, determining the risk of developing distant metastasis continues to present as a challenge, as the precise mechanism leading to distant...
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