Infectious Disease

Reports of high-impact infectious disease studies by medical professionals

Hand hygiene intervention to optimise soil-transmitted helminth infection control among primary school children found...

1. Among a group of primary school children in Tanzania, a combination intervention aimed at enhancing handwashing had no effect on soil-transmitted helminth infection. Evidence...

South Asian and Black populations disproportionately affected by COVID-19 in the United Kingdom  

1. Participants identifying as South Asian or Black were more likely to test positive for COVID-19 infection, be hospitalized for COVID-related symptoms, and be...

Probiotic use not found to be an effective strategy for primary prevention of clostridioides...

1. The administration of probiotics to high-risk inpatients receiving antibiotics identified by computerized clinical decision support was not shown to decrease the incidence of...

BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine shows benefit against symptomatic and asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection 

1. Vaccinated individuals reported fewer SARS-CoV-2 infections and a lesser proportion of cases were symptomatic compared to the unvaccinated cohort. 2. BNT162b2 mRNA vaccine showed...

Delayed antibiotic prescribing is a safe and effective for respiratory tract infections in a...

1. There was no difference in follow-up symptom severity between patients who received immediate or delayed antibiotics for respiratory tract infections. 2. Delaying antibiotics was...

Tendon injuries associated with fluoroquinolone use in adolescents are extremely rare 

1. In a large retrospective cohort study, adolescents prescribed fluoroquinolone antibiotics were at a slightly increased risk of experiencing tendinitis or tendon rupture compared...

Single dose mass vaccination against COVID-19 is linked with reductions in hospital admissions

1. The initial doses of the Pfizer and AstraZeneca vaccines were 91% and 88% efficacious in reducing COVID-19 hospitalizations one month after vaccination. 2. Combined...

Antiretroviral therapy deferral associated with increased AIDS-defining cancer risk

1. Deferral of antiretroviral therapy was associated with a small increase risk in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining cancers at 10-year follow-up in young, human...

Dexamethasone non-inferior to placebo for surgical-site infection incidence

1. Intraoperative dexamethasone was shown to be non-inferior to placebo for surgical-site infection incidence. 2. Intraoperative dexamethasone was shown to lower postoperative nausea and vomiting...

Tocilizumab may improve survival in COVID-19 patients with hypoxia and systemic inflammation 

1. Compared to usual care, fewer patients in the tocilizumab group died within 28 days of randomization. 2. Patients allocated tocilizumab were more likely to...

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