Infectious Disease

Reports of high-impact infectious disease studies by medical professionals

Breastfeeding not associated with late-onset group B Streptococcus disease in infants

1. In a small case-control study comparing infants with and without group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection at age 7-89 days, rates of exposure to...

Antiviral agents such as zanamivir and baloxavir are associated with improved time to symptom...

1. This network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concluded that four antiviral medications successfully reduce the duration of influenza symptoms, of which zanamivir...

Amoxicillin-clavulanate offers similar effectiveness for treating outpatient diverticulitis than metronidazole-with-fluoroquinolone

1. Treatment of outpatient diverticulitis with amoxicillin-clavulanate was shown to be comparably effective as a treatment of metronidazole-with-fluoroquinolone for outpatient diverticulitis. 2. The 1-year risk...

Over one-million children estimated to have lost a caregiver due to the COVID-19 pandemic

1. An estimated 1 562 000 children lost at least one primary or secondary caregiver due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 2. Countries that had caregiver...

Adolescent depression and suicide risk increased during the COVID-19 pandemic

1. In this large study of adolescent primary care visits in Philadelphia, the prevalence of positive screens for depressive symptoms and suicide risk increased...

Delayed respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) surge in children during the COVID-19 pandemic

1. In a study of children seen at a New York City hospital, the onset of RSV cases in 2020-2021 shifted from the typical...

Safety evaluation of the second dose of messenger RNA COVID-19 vaccines in patients with...

1. Allergic reactions and anaphylaxis following first dose of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines were not associated with immediate, adverse reactions following second dose. 2. Antihistamine premedication...

Prevalence of toxigenic and non-toxigenic asymptomatic Clostridioides difficile colonization in pediatric populations

1. Asymptomatic Clostridioides difficile occurred in non-toxigenic strains in 41% and toxigenic strains in 14% of 6 – 12-months-olds. Non-toxigenic C difficile was least...

Health care workers working on COVID-19 wards at increased risk for nosocomial SARS-CoV-2 infection

1. The risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection was nearly 4-fold higher among health care workers working on COVID-19 inpatient wards compared to workers not in...

Immunogenicity and safety of the CoronaVac inactivated vaccine in patients with autoimmune rheumatic diseases

1. CoronaVac, an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, offers reduced but adequate short-term immunogenicity among people with autoimmune rheumatic diseases. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) In the context...

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