Tag: development

1. A systematic review of 35 controlled studies examining the impact of interactive applications (apps) on early academic skills in young children found multiple studies showing benefit for early mathematics learning. 2. None of the studies examining apps targeting social communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder showed learning...
1. Language-based interactions between children 18 to 24 months of age and adults predicted intelligence quotient (IQ), verbal comprehension, and expressive and receptive language skills at 9 to 13 years old. 2. There were no significant relationships between language-based interactions and subsequent IQ or language skills in other age groups. Evidence...
1. The concept of childhood development may be foreign to refugee communities, hindering early diagnosis of disabilities and therapy. 2. Establishing trust and providing in-person interpretation services may be critical to the successful implementation of developmental screening in refugee populations. Study Rundown: Refugee children may be at an increased risk for...
1. Children randomized to a one-on-one mother-child intervention scored higher in imitation/play and attention than those who only received educational materials in the mail. Those children also scored lower in hyperactivity, separation distress and externalizing problems. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Socioemotional disparities between poverty-struck and affluent children is...
1. Development assistance for health (DAH) increased substantially from 1990 to 2014, with the U.S. government being the largest contributor of DAH. 2. HIV/AIDS and maternal health/newborn and child health are the two largest health focus areas that received DAH. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Low-income countries have a dearth...
1. Maternal hemoglobin levels were measured at 2 antenatal visits and delivery, while their infants were followed 1 year later and assessed for gross motor (GM) functions. Prevalence of maternal anemia fell from 67% in the first antenatal visit to 38.4% at the time of delivery. 2. GM scores peaked...
1. Childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis was not associated with changes in peak height velocity (PHV) or final adult height when compared to undiagnosed individuals. 2. Stimulant treatment for childhood ADHD was associated with a delayed PHV without a significant difference in final adult height when compared to those who...
1. In low-income, urban young adults, family relationships, community stressors, and personal victimization were ranked as the 3 most stressful adverse childhood experiences (ACEs). 2. In this population, parental divorce/separation and mental illness were not identified as ACEs, while single-parent homes, exposure to violence, adult themes and criminal behavior, personal...
Image: PD 1. Iodine deficiency is common in the United States, and can lead to impairment in neurological development in the fetal and childhood periods. 2. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that pregnant and lactating women take supplements with iodide, use iodized table salt for cooking, and avoid environmental...
Classics Series, Landmark Trials in Medicine
Image: PD 1. In a study population of girls 3-12 years of age, it was found that African-American females developed secondary sexual characteristics at a significantly earlier age than white girls. 2. African-American females had earlier menarche at 12.16 years of age, compared to 12.88 years of age among white females. Original...