Tag: oncology

1. An advanced care planning (ACP) intervention was not found to increase quality of life compared to usual care, in patients with advanced lung or colorectal cancer. 2. ACP was found to increase the number of patients receiving specialized palliative care, and having advanced directives recorded in hospital files. Evidence Rating...
1. Gastrointestinal, genitourinary, or bronchopulmonary bleeding in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation have been associated with higher rates of respective cancer diagnoses. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Recent registry data suggests that diagnoses of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been associated with higher incidence rates of cancer. Bleeding episodes in anticoagulated patients...
1. Gastrointestinal, genitourinary, or bronchopulmonary bleeding in anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation have been associated with higher rates of respective cancer diagnoses. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Recent registry data suggests that diagnoses of atrial fibrillation (AF) have been associated with higher incidence rates of cancer. Bleeding episodes in anticoagulated patients...
Association between antipsychotic use and acute ischemic heart disease in women but not in men: a retrospective cohort study of over one million primary care patients 1. There was a moderate association found between antipsychotic use and acute ischemic heart disease found in women, but not men. Evidence Rating Level: 2...
1. Among patients with cutaneous melanoma, ultrasound evaluation identified in half of patients in-transit metastases that were otherwise not apparent during clinical examination and changed the course of management for a third of patients. Evidence Leve Rating: 3 (Average) In-transit metastases (ITMs), or lesions that develop in lymphatics between the primary...
1. Men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer have lower self-reported quality of life outcomes, particularly sexual function in those who underwent radical prostatectomy. 2. Mental well-being was similar between men without prostate cancer and men who underwent active surveillance/watchful waiting or low dose rate brachytherapy, as their primary treatment for...
1. There was no significantly increased risk of ICU admission, intubation, or death among hospitalized patients with COVID-19 and active malignancy compared with a matched cohort of patients with COVID-19 and no malignancy. Evidence Level Rating: 2 (Good) Some institutions in the U.S. have reported higher rates of COIVD-related complications and...
1. Sarcopenia was an independent risk factor for reduced muscle mass and strength following liver resection for malignant neoplasms. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Sarcopenia is an involuntary, age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. This condition is known to drastically impact postoperative and oncological outcomes following liver resection for...
Identification of Modifiable Social and Behavioral Factors Associated With Childhood Cognitive Performance 1. Moderate increases in positive exposures were associated with improved cognitive performance in children. 2. Black children experienced fewer cognitively beneficial exposures than other racial groups. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Racial disparities in all aspects of healthcare are at least...
1. Aspirin use before diagnosis of primary malignancy is associated with decreased risk of developing depression, anxiety and stress-related disorders post-diagnosis.  2. Use of Non-aspirin NSAIDs were associated with a higher rate of depression, anxiety, and stress-related disorders. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Inflammation appears to contribute to the development of psychiatric...