Tag: stroke

1. Current smoking was found to be associated with and increased risk of stroke among blacks in a dose-dependent relationship. 2. Former smokers did not appear to be at an increased risk of stroke when compared with non-smokers, suggesting a reduction in stroke incidence associated with smoking cessation. Evidence Rating Level:...
Risk of Hospitalization with Hemorrhage Among Older Adults Taking Clarithromycin vs Azithromycin and Direct Oral Anticoagulants 1. Co-prescription of clarithromycin and direct oral anticoagulants was associated with a higher rate of 30-day hospitalization with hemorrhage when compared with co-prescription of azithromycin. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) In recent years, direct oral anticoagulants...
1. Incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage in older patients has increased since 1948. 2. Hypertension and statin use are both associated with intracerebral hemorrhage. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Of all stroke types, intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) possesses the highest mortality rate and is the greatest cause of disability. While stroke incidence...
1. Stroke patients who received endovascular treatment plus standard medical treatment in the public care system in Brazil showed significantly less severe disability at 90 days versus those who received standard care alone. 2. Asymptomatic cranial hemorrhage was judged to have occurred nearly twice as frequently in the thrombectomy group,...
1. In patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis, there was no significant difference between the comparative effectiveness of initial medical therapy versus carotid endarterectomy. 2. The absolute risk reduction was found to be less than half the risk difference of carotid endarterectomy related fatal and nonfatal strokes compared to 20 years...
1. Patients who received tPA within 45 minutes of hospital arrival had a statistically significant reduction in all-cause mortality, all-cause readmission, and composite all-cause mortality or readmission than patients who received tPA after 45 minutes. 2. All-cause mortality at 1-year increased significantly for every 15-minute delay in tPA administration within...
Efficacy and safety of landiolol, an ultra-short-acting β1-selective antagonist, for treatment of sepsis-related tachyarrhythmia (J-Land 3S): a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial 1. Patients receiving landiolol were more likely to achieve target heart rates of 60-94 following sepsis-related tachyarrhythmia and had significantly reduced incidence of new onset arrhythmia Evidence Rating: 1...
1. Regular consumption of fish oil is likely associated with decreased all-cause and cardiovascular disease risk. 2. Consumption of fish oil was associated with decreased incidence of cardiovascular events with effects being most pronounced in patients with hypertension. Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Lifestyle modification and dietary supplementation have long been recognized as...
Severe Lung Injury Associated With Use of e-Cigarette, or Vaping, Products - California, 2019 1. Study findings suggest that use of THC-containing products and vitamin E acetate to be associated with outbreak of use-associated lung injury in California Evidence Level: 3 (Average): Despite e-cigarette, or vaping usage increasing in popularity in North...
1. In patients receiving carotid stenosis treatment, transcarotid artery revascularization was associated with a significantly lower risk of stroke or death compared to transfemoral carotid artery stenting. Evidence Rating Level:2 (Good) Study Rundown: Transfemoral carotid artery stenting has served as an alternative approach to the standard of care, for patients requiring...