Tag: Surgery

1. Short-term indigo naturalis therapy demonstrated symptomatic improvement in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Treatment options for ulcerative colitis (UC), an inflammatory bowel disease affecting the colon and rectum, are diverse, with the addition of biologics to conventional treatment in recent years. However, patients...
1. Short-term indigo naturalis therapy demonstrated symptomatic improvement in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Treatment options for ulcerative colitis (UC), an inflammatory bowel disease affecting the colon and rectum, are diverse, with the addition of biologics to conventional treatment in recent years. However, patients...
1. Intravenous iron prior to major abdominal surgery in anemic patients was not associated with decreased need for blood transfusions post-operation. 2. Preoperative intravenous iron did reduce the risk of readmission to hospital due to postoperative complications in anemic patients. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Preoperative anemia is a common...
1. In trauma patients at risk for hemorrhage, pre-hospital administration of tranexamic acid did not significantly improve 30-day mortality compared to a placebo. 2. 30-day mortality outcomes were higher in the treatment group, when tranexamic acid was administered within 1 hour of injury, when the patient underwent severe shock, or...
1. Anemia increased the risk of development of Crohn’s disease, inversely to hemoglobin concentration 2. Anemia was not associated with an increased risk of ulcerative colitis. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Though inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can lead to anemia, whether anemia may be a surrogate marker for the early detection of...
1. Among patients managed without surgery, the conditional recurrence-free survival of diverticulitis increased with each year survived recurrence-free. 2. Lower age and higher comorbidity burden were both associated with an increased risk of recurrence. Evidence Level Rating: 2 (Good) Sigmoid diverticulitis is a very common gastrointestinal condition, and although the rate of...
1. Targeted intraoperative radiotherapy for breast cancer has comparable long-term cancer-related outcomes as whole breast post-operative radiotherapy, and lower mortality from other causes. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide, with 2 million diagnoses and 626 000 deaths in 2018 alone. The treatment...
1. The use of robotic techniques to repair paraesophageal hernias resulted in low rates of recurrence and had positive patient outcomes at five years. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Since the advent of laparoscopic surgery in the 1980s, morbidity and mortality involving the repair of paraesophageal hernias (PEHs) has dramatically reduced....
Robotic Approach to Paraesophageal Hernia Repair Results in Low Long-Term Recurrence Rate and Beneficial Patient-Centered Outcomes 1. The use of robotic techniques to repair paraesophageal hernias resulted in low rates of recurrence and had positive patient outcomes at five years. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Since the advent of laparoscopic surgery in...
1. Having a prior tonsillectomy was correlated to a greater risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma, with an odds ratio of 1.7. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a subtype of esophageal cancer that has gradually grown in incidence over the years, increasing six-fold in the United States between...