Tag: Surgery

1. Anemia increased the risk of development of Crohn’s disease, inversely to hemoglobin concentration 2. Anemia was not associated with an increased risk of ulcerative colitis. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Though inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can lead to anemia, whether anemia may be a surrogate marker for the early detection of...
1. Among patients managed without surgery, the conditional recurrence-free survival of diverticulitis increased with each year survived recurrence-free. 2. Lower age and higher comorbidity burden were both associated with an increased risk of recurrence. Evidence Level Rating: 2 (Good) Sigmoid diverticulitis is a very common gastrointestinal condition, and although the rate of...
1. Targeted intraoperative radiotherapy for breast cancer has comparable long-term cancer-related outcomes as whole breast post-operative radiotherapy, and lower mortality from other causes. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers worldwide, with 2 million diagnoses and 626 000 deaths in 2018 alone. The treatment...
1. The use of robotic techniques to repair paraesophageal hernias resulted in low rates of recurrence and had positive patient outcomes at five years. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Since the advent of laparoscopic surgery in the 1980s, morbidity and mortality involving the repair of paraesophageal hernias (PEHs) has dramatically reduced....
Robotic Approach to Paraesophageal Hernia Repair Results in Low Long-Term Recurrence Rate and Beneficial Patient-Centered Outcomes 1. The use of robotic techniques to repair paraesophageal hernias resulted in low rates of recurrence and had positive patient outcomes at five years. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Since the advent of laparoscopic surgery in...
1. Having a prior tonsillectomy was correlated to a greater risk of developing esophageal adenocarcinoma, with an odds ratio of 1.7. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is a subtype of esophageal cancer that has gradually grown in incidence over the years, increasing six-fold in the United States between...
1. Robotic ventral hernia repairs yielded the same post-operative length of hospital stay, but worse abdominal wall quality of life scores as laparoscopic hernia repair. 2. Robotic ventral hernia repairs were less timely and more expensive compared to laparoscopic hernia repairs. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Surgeries using robotic technologies...
1. In patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection within 7 days before or 30 days after surgery, significant mortality was observed, and perioperative pulmonary complications occurred in more than half the patients. Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Current guidelines regarding the management of surgical patients during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic are based solely on expert...
1. In patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection within 7 days before or 30 days after surgery, significant mortality was observed, and perioperative pulmonary complications occurred in more than half the patients. Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Current guidelines regarding the management of surgical patients during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic are based solely on...
1. Patients undergoing emergency general surgery in a retrospective cohort study were at nearly twice the risk of venous thromboembolism when compared to patients undergoing elective surgery. Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Despite comprising a relatively small proportion of the total surgeries performed, procedures classified as emergency general surgery (EGS) account for...