Pulmonology

Reports of high-impact pulmonology studies by medical professionals

Quick Take: Deep learning for chest radiograph diagnosis: A retrospective comparison of the CheXNeXt...

Deep learning approaches have been proposed as a way to facilitate the interpretation of chest radiographs in low resource settings. In this study, investigators...

Many new pediatric asthma cases attributable to obesity

1. One-tenth of new diagnoses of pediatric asthma could potentially be avoided with the elimination of childhood obesity.Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good)Study Rundown: Despite...

Omalizumab (XOLAIR®) could be a new rescue option for asthma

1. In a case-report, 41-year-old patient requiring intubation for respiratory failure due to status asthmaticus clinically improved after administration of omalizumab (XOLAIR®).2. The findings...

Inhaled inorganic nitrites do not improve exercise capacity in heart failure with preserved ejection...

1. In this randomized controlled trial, there was no difference in mean peak oxygen consumption between patients with Heart Failure with preserved Ejection Fraction...

Sildenafil (Viagra) does not improve quality of life for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients treated...

1. In patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and a low diffusion capacity for carbon dioxide (DLCO), the addition of sildenafil to a treatment...

Triple combination regimen appears safe and effective for cystic fibrosis

1. Treatment with the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein corrector VX-659 in combination with tezacaftor–ivacaftor significantly improved measures of lung function and...

Algorithm safely rules out pulmonary embolism in pregnant women

1. A diagnostic model based on D-dimer measurement, lower limb compression ultrasonography (CUS) and computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA) accurately ruled out pulmonary embolism...

Continuous or extended combined oral contraceptive regimens not linked to higher venous thromboembolism risk

1. In this retrospective cohort study, continuous (84/7) or extended (365/0) cycle regimens of combined oral contraceptives were not linked with meaningfully higher rates...

Superwarfarin contaminants found in synthetic cannabinoid-associated coagulopathy outbreak

1. During one month at a single medical center in Illinois in 2018, 34 cases of synthetic cannabinoid associated coagulopathy were identified.2. Of...

Rivaroxaban does not decrease rates of venous thromboembolism complications after hospital discharge

1. At a median follow-up of 3.3 years, rates of symptomatic venous thromboembolism or death due to thromboembolism were similar for medically ill patients...
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