Tag: chronic kidney disease

1. Patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric (RYGB) surgery had higher rates of microalbuminuria remission when compared to those who received only medical treatment at 24 months post-intervention. 2. Patients who underwent RYGB surgery also showed improvements in metabolic control outcomes (HbA1C, LDL-C, triglycerides, and change in total body weight) when...
Mortality and pulmonary complications in patients undergoing surgery with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection: an international cohort study 1. In patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection within 7 days before or 30 days after surgery, significant mortality was observed, and perioperative pulmonary complications occurred in more than half the patients. Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Current...
1. The exclusion of patient race from glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimation resulted in systematic error that significantly underestimated GFR in African American individuals more so than non-African Americans. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), an integral component of establishing drug dosing, prognosis, and treatment of patients with kidney...
1. In a systematic review and meta-analysis of the use of group II (low risk) gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA) for MRI in patients with stage 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD), there were no reported cases of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). 2. The use of gadobenate dimeglumine, which is...
1. In a systematic review and meta-analysis of the use of group II (low risk) gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCA) for MRI in patients with stage 4 and 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD), there were no reported cases of nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF). 2. The use of gadobenate dimeglumine, which is...
1. Potassium binder therapy with patiromer can promote longer duration of spironolactone use for resistant hypertension in the setting of chronic kidney disease. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Spironolactone is recommended in the treatment of resistant hypertension, however there is limited data regarding its use in the setting of chronic kidney...
Fetal nephrogenesis is most significant in the third trimester of pregnancy, and is interrupted by preterm birth before 37 weeks of gestation, resulting in lower nephron numbers and the development of hypertension and progressive renal disease later in life. While low birth weight has been associated with chronic kidney...
Risk of HIV transmission through condomless sex in serodifferent gay couples with the HIV-positive partner taking suppressive antiretroviral therapy (PARTNER): final results of a multicentre, prospective, observational study Early evidence has suggested a strong association between HIV viral load and the risk of transmission to an HIV-negative partner, as well...
Veverimer Versus Placebo in Patients with Metabolic Acidosis Associated with Chronic Kidney Disease: a Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled, Phase 3 Trial Chronic metabolic acidosis is often seen in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and results from an inability to excrete metabolically produced acid. This, in turn, is associated with...
1. Proband exome sequencing revealed that approximately 10% of patients in this study cohort had a detectable genetic variant of chronic kidney disease. 2. A majority of the monogenic disorders that were detected were found to be unique to individual patients. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Exome sequencing is a diagnostic...