Tag: dialysis

1. Drug-coated balloon angioplasty was superior to standard angioplasty for stenotic lesion treatment in hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas. 2. Drug-coated balloon angioplasty was shown to be noninferior to standard angioplasty for adverse events. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Arteriovenous (AV) fistulas are given preference over central venous hemodialysis catheters during hemodialysis...
Mortality and pulmonary complications in patients undergoing surgery with perioperative SARS-CoV-2 infection: an international cohort study 1. In patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection within 7 days before or 30 days after surgery, significant mortality was observed, and perioperative pulmonary complications occurred in more than half the patients. Evidence Rating: 2 (Good) Current...
1. In this retrospective quality improvement cohort study from the United States, a multidisciplinary approach was linked with increased rates of peritoneal dialysis initiation compared with national averages Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Chronic kidney disease is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in North America, with enormous...
Chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related anemia is associated with significant morbidity, and remains undertreated worldwide. Adequate treatment of CKD-related anemia is associated with reduced transfusion rates and improved clinical outcomes. Roxadustat is a hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor that stabilizes HIF-alpha subunits, resulting in increased transcriptional activity and functional...
Suicide in older adults living in or transitioning to residential long-term care, 2003 to 2015 It is estimated that by the year 2050, 1 in 5 individuals will be 65 years or older. In addition to the growing number of seniors in North America, the rate of suicide has also...
1. In this retrospective cohort study from Israel, hypertension at the age of 16-19 years old was linked with later-life end stage renal disease (ESRD). 2. The association between adolescent hypertension and ESRD remained after accounting for co-morbid conditions such as obesity, and after excluding those with severe hypertension. Evidence Rating...
1. Patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis experienced fewer serious adverse events if treated proactively with high-dose intravenous iron sucrose compared to patients reactively treated with low-dose iron sucrose. 2. Higher doses of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents were utilized more in the low-dose iron group compared to the high-dose group. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)       Study...
1. Patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis experienced fewer serious adverse events if treated proactively with high-dose intravenous iron sucrose compared to patients reactively treated with low-dose iron sucrose. 2. Higher doses of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents were utilized more in the low-dose iron group compared to the high-dose group. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent)       Study...
1. Patient reported experience has recently been incorporated into Quality Incentive Programs for dialysis centers across the United States. Lower patient experience scores were reported in for-profit, free-standing, and large dialysis organization centers. 2. Centers with higher proportion of black and Native American patients had lower patient reported experience...
1. Veterans receiving pre-end stage renal disease (ESRD) nephrology care in under the Medicare system were more likely to undergo dialysis and had a higher two-year mortality rate than veterans that received pre-ESRD care through the Department of Veteran’s Affairs (VA). 2. Differences in dialysis initiation between Medicare and VA...