Tag: antibiotics

1. Cure at 15 days occurred in 77% of patients in the placebo (3-day therapy) group compared to 68% of patients in the β-lactam (8-day therapy) group. 2. Incidence of adverse events was similar between both groups (14% placebo vs. 19% β-lactam).  Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Study Rundown: Lower respiratory tract...
1. In children with S. Aureus bacteremia (SAB), follow up blood cultures (FUBCs) after two negative cultures were rarely positive. 2. Patients with osteomyelitis or endocarditis were more likely to have intermittent or prolonged positive blood cultures Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Staphylococcus aureus is a common and dangerous pathogen...
1. Delaying antibiotic treatment for UTI in older adults did not increase risk of bloodstream infection compared to immediate antibiotic treatment. 2. Delayed treatment may have contributed to increased risk of mortality in this group. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Urinary tract infection (UTIs) is one of the most common reasons for...
1. Afabicin, a novel, narrow-spectrum antibiotic, was found to be non-inferior to vancomycin and linezolid in treating staphylococcal skin and soft tissue infections. Evidence Level Rating: 1 (Excellent) Staphylococcus spp., especially Staphylococcus aureus, are the predominant agents responsible for many serious infections, including acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSIs),...
Robotic Approach to Paraesophageal Hernia Repair Results in Low Long-Term Recurrence Rate and Beneficial Patient-Centered Outcomes 1. The use of robotic techniques to repair paraesophageal hernias resulted in low rates of recurrence and had positive patient outcomes at five years. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Since the advent of laparoscopic surgery in...
1. Co-prescription of clarithromycin and direct oral anticoagulants was associated with a higher rate of 30-day hospitalization with hemorrhage when compared with co-prescription of azithromycin. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) In recent years, direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) like apixaban and rivaroxaban have overtaken vitamin K antagonists as the anti-coagulation drugs of...
1. In children aged 3 months to 18 years discharged from the emergency department (ED) with suspected community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), similar treatment failure rates were observed between children who received antibiotics and those who did not. 2. Secondary outcomes, including ED revisits within 30 days and parent-reported quality of life...
1. Commonly prescribed antibiotics in infancy are associated with later diagnosis of allergic disease in childhood Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) The use of antibiotics negatively impacts the human microbiome, decreasing bacterial diversity. These kinds of changes to the microbiome have been previously found to be associated with allergic disease. In...
Association of prehospital plasma transfusion with survival in trauma patients with hemorrhagic shock when transport times are longer than 20 minutes: A post-hoc analysis of the PAMPer and COMBAT clinical trials 1. Prehospital plasma transfusion is associated with increased survival in the setting of hemorrhagic shock, particularly with longer transport...
1. Across the state of California, there was greater than 100-fold variability in the number of infants treated with antibiotics per proven bloodstream infection, ranging from 7.3 to 781 infants treated. 2. The number of infants exposed to antibiotics correlated strongly with the number of live births admitted to the...