Tag: radiation

1. Metformin was found to be safe and tolerable in survivors of pediatric brain tumors. 2. Metformin was associated with retention of memory and processing speed abilities, as well as a reduction of white matter loss. Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) It is believed that endogenous neural precursor cells (NPCs) can promote...
1. There is no significant difference in 30-day all-cause mortality between radial and femoral access for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the standard of care for achieving reperfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)....
1. There is no significant difference in 30-day all-cause mortality between radial and femoral access for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Evidence Rating Level: 1 (Excellent) Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is the standard of care for achieving reperfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)....
1. Rates of renal insufficiency were highest in patients receiving renal nephrectomy, compared to less invasive treatments. 2. Survival rates for renal nephrectomy and partial nephrectomy were very similar, suggesting little difference in efficacy between these treatments. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Renal stage carcinoma (RCC) has relatively low mortality...
1. In a retrospective review of over 1500 Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) survivors, the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) was significantly associated with radiation doses to the heart in a linear, dose-dependent manner. Evidence Rating Level: 3 (Average) Study Rundown: Improvements in the management of HL have led to an increased...
Image: PD 1. Compared to lower delivered doses of radiation, whole-lung field radiation for childhood cancer showed a higher risk of breast cancer. 2. Breast cancer-specific mortality following childhood irradiation was substantial. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: Previous studies have established higher risk of breast cancer for women who underwent...
Image: PD 1. There was no difference in overall survival of patients with brain metastases from EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma receiving either whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) or erlotinib.  2. Whole brain radiation delayed intracranial progression of metastases as compared to treatment with erlotinib. Evidence rating: 3 (Fair) Study Rundown:  The use of EGFR...
Image: PD 1. Approximately half (47%) of parents surveyed were aware that ionizing radiation from head computed tomography (CT) scans could increase their child’s risk of cancer, although 63% underestimated the risk. 2. Almost all (90%) parents wanted to be informed of potential risks of ionizing radiation from diagnostic tests before...
Image: PD 1. Exposure to CT scan radiation was found to be associated with cancer. 2. Brain cancer risk associated with CT scans was higher than all other cancers. Evidence Rating Level: 2 (Good) Study Rundown: The use of diagnostic computed imaging provides valuable information for clinicians, but also exposes patients to low...
Image: PD 1. Mean cumulative radiation dose during hospitalization for SAH was 2.76 Gy per patient, with the top quartile of patients receiving an average of 14 scans.   2. 1 in 3 repeat non-contrast head CTs (NCHCT) did not show any change, and almost 1 in 5 were performed prior to...